The Schism in church in the fifteenth century also greatly lowered its prestige. The flow of enormous amounts of money from the revenues of the country to the Papal treasury was also disliked by them.
No wonder these kings fully exploited the opportunity offered by the teachings of Luther, Wycliffe etc. Further the Bishops still administered justice in church in accordance with the Canon Law. The emergence of a strong middle classes also greatly contributed to the reformation.
The common people were also quite unhappy with the clergy which made numerous vexatious demands and hardly gave anything in return for their money.
The middle classes protested against the dominance of the old church because it was largely controlled by the upper classes and administered largely for their benefit.
They looked down upon the artisans, merchants, lawyers, doctors etc. A variety of causes contributed to the reformation which can be conveniently studied under the following heads: Thus the church office were openly sold and quite often unsuitable men were appointed as priests.
Often the churchmen used the church as a means of business. The common masses were also unhappy with the Pope and church. The new spirit of learning and enquiry set in motion by the renaissance also greatly contributed to the Reformation.
What are the Causes of Reformation in Europe? In short the middle classes wanted to free the church from the control of wealthy aristocracy which looked down upon them and cared very little for their interests. This undermined the prestige of Pope and people lost faith and reverence for the holy institution.
They were not only unhappy with the prevailing corrupt practices in church and the flimsy grounds on which the church collected funds from innocent people but also disliked its interference in the secular affairs.
But these developments certainly undermined the powers and prestige of the church. No wonder they were eagerly looking for someone to provide them a lead for a revolt against the church. This is known as the Great Western Schism.
Further, these middle classes greatly resented the practice of exempting the nobles from taxation, while they had to bear the brunt of taxation. The entire organization of the church right from Pope down to the priest were corrupt and vicious.
They often indulged in hunting expeditions and drinking parties and completely neglected their religious duties. Even the rulers were quite unhappy with the Pope and strongly protested against Papal interference in the affairs of their states. Further, even the princes of Europe were not quite happy with the Pope who claimed considerable amount of their revenue in the form of annates and other contributions.
The things were further complicated in when the cardinals at a joint sitting elected a third Pope. Hence they were willing to provide support to any movement which was launched against the authority of the Pope. No doubt this Schism was bridged when the Council at Constance deposed both the Popes and elected a new Pope.
The rise of nation-states and new monarchy who were keen to establish their absolute rule, also greatly contributed to the Reformation. How could people serve two masters? New Learning and Spirit of Enquiry:Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation What happens when people start to break away from the entity that bound an entire.
Protestant Reformation Essay history but the question relies on why they attacked the fundamental principles of the church. The strong opposition to selling indulgences and that anyone could make its way to heaven if they had the right amount of money was what ignited the reformation, including Martin Luther 95 theses against indulgences.
Cause and Effects of Protestant Reformation Essay; Cause and Effects of Protestant Reformation Essay. Words May 7th, 4 Pages. Major Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation There were several causes of the Protestant Reformation that effected society, politics, and religion in Europe during the 16th century.
The time of the Protestant Reformation was a time of great change in western society. The Roman Catholic Church would see its authority. The Protestant Reformation And Martin Luther Religion Essay.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the. The Reformation In Germany History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, However it would be wrong to state that anticlericalism was sole cause of the reformation but rather one of the outstanding branches that 'helped fuel' the Reformation.
Causes and Consequences of the Reformation Essay. A+. Pages:4 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay. Another cause of the Reformation was that the Church was having some major problems at the time, other than many people trying to break away from it. We will write a custom essay sample on Causes and .Download